The ‘Continual’ Sabbathly Offering Before the Lord



Shewbread’, from ‘lechem panim


Ex25:30, “And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me continually.  Kai epithéhseis epí tehn trápedzan artóús enohpíous enantíon mou diapantós.


enohpíous” (<‘enohpéh’), facing, of presence.


Ex35:5,13, “Let him bring an offering unto the LORD, … the table, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread.


Ex39:33,35, “And they brought unto Moses … the table, all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread.


1K7:48, “Solomon took … the table on which shewbread (was).  Élabon Salohmóhn … tehn trápedzan eph’ hehs hoi ártoi tehs prosphoráhs.” (LXX)


prosphoráhs” (<prosphoréoh), present, offer.


2Chr4:19, “Solomon made … the tables and upon them (were to be) the loaves of shewbread.  Epóíehse Salohmóhn … tas trapédzas, kai ep’ autóhn ártoi prothéseohs.   


prothéseohs” (<protíthehmi), put forward.



The “shewbread of arrangement”, from ‘maareketh


1Chr28:16, David gave Solomon his son the plan of the temple ... he gave him both of gold and silver the weight ... of the tables

of shewbread (trapedzóhn tehs prothéseohs) ... David gave all to Solomon in the Lord’s handwriting according to the knowledge given him of the work of the pattern. 

2Chr2:4, Solomon, saying, I, his (David’s) son, also am building a house to the Name of the Lord my God, to consecrate it to Him, to continually

(1) burn incense before Him (tou (1) thymiáhin apénanti autóú thymíama), and

(2) offer shew-bread always (kai (2) próthesin diapantós); and to offer up

(3) whole-burnt-offerings continually morning and afternoon (diapantós (3) toprohí kai todéílehs) :–

on the Sabbaths, at the new moons, and at the feasts of the Lord our God : This is a perpetual statute for Israel.


2Chr29:18, The Levites went to king Ezekias, and said, we purified all the things in the house of the Lord,

(1) the altar of whole-burnt-offering and its vessels, and

(2) the table of shew-bread (tehn trápredzan tehs prothéseohs ) and its vessels; and

(3) all the vessels which king Achaz polluted in his reign, in his apostasy, we have prepared and purified: Look, They are in place before the altar of the Lord!


We see that ‘maareketh’, is used when institutional or when a re-instatement of the ‘arrangement’ or institution.  We see the “statute”, “to continually” and “perpetually”, “offer shew-bread always”, meant to every Sabbath Day, offer it. It does not mean the shewbread to be offered fresh every day. It means ‘every day’ as little as it means every day ‘mornings and afternoons’; it means once every day as little as it means twice every day. It means every day as little as it means only monthly, or only with every yearly feast! The “statute” to “offer shew-bread always”, “continually” and “perpetually”, meant the shewbread to be

offered, “on the Sabbathsevery Sabbath Day, and also “on the Sabbathsevery Sabbath Day “at the new moons, and at the feasts of the Lord our God”. For thus it has,


divinely, been “arranged”. The Shewbread was an offering of Sabbath days only, and specifically, for its peculiar Sabbath’s-meaning:  “… in the Lord’s handwriting according to the knowledge given …”!



‘Shewbread’, from ‘panim


The shewbread “when the camp moves on”:


Numbers 4:7, “Upon the table of shewbread (LXX, “On the table set forth for shewbread”, “epí tehn trápedzan tehn prokeiménehn”) they shall spread a cloth of blue and put thereon the dishes … and covers to cover withal. The continual bread shall be (laid) thereon (LXX, “the continual loaves shall be upon it”, “hoi ártoi hoi diápantos ep’ autéhs ésontai”), and they shall spread upon them a cloth of scarlet, and shall cover the same with a covering of badgers’ skins.


prokeiménehn’ (<prókeimai), set before, proposed.

diápantos’ (<diá + pántos), throughout.



‘Shewbread’, from ‘lechem


1Chr23:25-31, “The LORD hath given rest … they shall no more carry the tabernacle … by the last words of David … the Levites were to wait on the sons of Aaron … for the service of the house of the LORD …

(1) both for the shewbread (ta érga leitourgéías eis tous ártous tehs prothéseohs),

(2) and for the fine flour for meat offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for that which is baked in the pan, and for that which is fried, and for all manner of measure and size;

(3) And to stand every morning to thank and praise the LORD, and likewise in the afternoon;

(4) And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD :–

In the Sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts; By number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD.


We see:

In a sense all sacrifices and offerings were ‘perpetual’ or ‘continual’:

(1) The yearly or seasonal, every year every season and always, without interruption continually, and for ever perpetually;

(2) The monthly, every month and always, without interruption continually, and for ever perpetually;

(3) The sabbathly, both of:

(3a) the weekly Sabbath and

(3b) the sabbaths of the Feasts

every sabbath and always, without interruption continually, and for ever perpetually;

(4) The ‘morning-and-afternoon’ or ‘daily’, every day both morning and afternoon, always, without interruption continually, and for ever perpetually;

(5) The ‘morning’, every day only in the mornings, always, without interruption continually, and for ever perpetually.


2Chr13:10-11, “As for us, the LORD is our Mighty, God, and we have not forsaken Him: The priests who minister unto the LORD are the sons of Aaron (and not the priests of Baal), and the Levites wait upon their business:

(1) They burn unto the LORD every morning and every evening, burnt sacrifices and sweet incense;

(2) They set in order also the Shewbread upon the pure table (not polluted by the sacrifices of apostasy); and

(3) They set in order the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, (in the afternoons) in order to burn every night :–

For we keep the charge of the LORD our Mighty, God;

But ye, have forsaken Him!


Neh10:33, “For the service of the house of our Mighty, God, we have charged ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel,

(1) For the Shewbread, and

(2) For the continual meat offering; and

(3) For the continual burnt offering :–

Of the Sabbaths; of the new moons; for the set Feasts …” all offerings generally.


1Chr9:32, “The sons of the Kohathites were over the Shewbread, to prepare it every Sabbath.



Only some sacrifices, offerings and services of the seasonal Feasts, uniquely belonged to them only. Sacrifices and other offerings and services generally, were common, whether yearly, monthly, sabbathly, mornings and afternoons, or mornings only. But only the Shewbread uniquely was a Sabbathly ‘offering’ and ‘service’. Only the Shewbread was ‘prepared’ and ‘offered’ / ‘ministered’ on ‘sabbaths’ only, whether on the weekly ‘Sabbaths’, or on the ‘Feast-sabbaths’; and then lasted for the whole week or seven days, after.


Thus the Shewbread ‘showed’ the Conqueror over corruptibility, Jesus Christ; and it ‘showed’ the perpetuity of the Sabbath – “a sign between Me and you, for ever!

(1) The Shewbread was the only offering that was not consumed in it’s preparation, but was perfected therein.

(2) The Shewbread was the only offering that applied and lasted after the duration of its preparation.

(3) The Shewbread was the only offering without ‘remains’. After its continuity ended, the Shewbread was not disposed of by burning or other means, but was eaten wholly by the priests, being assimilated by them as their very life.




Shewbread – Sabbath’s Offering Before the LORD


The Shewbread, as ‘continual offering before the LORD’, being the token of the eternal presence of the mercy of God, of Eternal Life, and of God’s gracious and without failing Sabbath’s Rest – the Shewbread, most desired by the Lord offering before his Face – is token of the resurrection of Jesus Christ our Lord from the dead, “in Sabbath’s-time”, by which the life of the Body of Christ’s Own is raised from the dead and is being created and brought together in Him – Lord for ever inseparably of both the Sabbath and the People of God. The Shewbread signified that bond in Eternal Covenant of Grace.


Three-fold Perfection


(1) The Passover was the Sabbath, “the Day the LORD has made”, in the making! The Passover was not finished on either the day of the sacrifice, Abib 14, or, the ‘sabbath’ of Abib 15! On the ‘sabbath’ day of Abib 15, the ‘going out’ of the Passover just started.


(2) On both ‘sabbaths’ that would occur on every Passover, Shewbread was placed ‘before the face’ of the Lord. The Shewbread of the ‘sabbath’ of Abib 15 Passover-sabbath, “showed forth” to the fulfilment of the ‘bringing out from Egypt’, completed on Abib 16 First Sheaf-Day.  


(3) In

(1) the Shewbread, of both (2) the sabbaths of the beginning and fulfilment of the ‘bringing-out from Egypt’ on (3) the day and date of First Sheaf Abib 16, is seen: three-fold, the Divine Antitype and Fulfilment by the Once-for-All ‘Bringing In’, the type and figure, in:

(1) Shewbread, on

(2) the day and date of Abib 16 First Sheaf, on

(3) the Sabbath Day, “when God raised Christ from the dead

and set Him at his right hand in heavenly realms” of “the glory of the Father”.


Thus was ‘arranged’ (maareketh), The Shewbread of God, even Jesus Christ, on the pure and golden altar of

The-Temple-of-His-Offering. The Shewbread of the Old Testament, derives from its New Testament Institutor.


Which day, in the ‘calendar’ of God’s predetermination, providence and dispensation, has this Sabbath’s-event of Shewbread-placement been? “For God thus concerning the Seventh Day spake”; “He would not concerning another day thereafter have spoken!” (Hb4:4,8)  Mark the coming in and the going out” of This One the Lord of the Sabbath!


Continually and simultaneous has been keeping up with God’s Passover, the Sabbath’s continual Shewbread, punctually replaced so that it perpetually could be present, and be ‘presented’, and be ‘shown’, and ‘offered’, on the altar, before the LORD, in His Glory, through Christ, in Victory – in Resurrection from the dead! The Shewbread placed “on the Sabbath” of Abib 16, two sabbaths after each other, and on two of the head-days of the Passover after each other – ‘showing forth’ witness of the Coming Messiah in Truth and Light – is Shewbread of our Lord Jesus Christ in glorious perfection of Life.


In the fulness of time”, “once for all”, “shon forth” Shewbread, Sabbath Day and Abib 16, ‘arranged’ and ‘placed’ on heavenly altar-seat of pure glory and omnipotency, ‘hot’, and ‘holy’, in triumphant Glory of Victory and Lordship: “First Sheaf Wave Offering Before the LORD”, “Lord of the Sabbath Day”, “when by the exceeding greatness of His Power, God raised Christ from the dead”.







Shewbread that (according to 1Sam.21:6) still was ‘hot’ when “replaced on the Sabbath”, must have been baked, just before the Sabbath would have started with sunset. The switch of the old and new Shewbread must have taken place as soon as the Sabbath had, begun. That means the furnace had been prepared, also the dough and the utensils, and the baking had been done, on the late afternoon of the Sixth Day or “Preparation which is the Fore-Sabbath”, before sunset. The question cannot even be asked,  The day begun with sunset, or the day begun with sunrise? It is a ridiculous question.


Josephus writes:The breads) were baked the day before the Sabbath, but were brought into the holy place on the morning of the Sabbath, and set upon the holy table.” (Antiquities of the Jews 3, 10, 7 in S.Bacchiocchi, TCR p. 82) The loaves, if they were baked before sunset on Friday and placed on Sabbath morning only, when placed, would no longer have been hot. Josephus obviously must be wrong! Bacchiocchi remarks, “The replacement of the shewbread with hot bread could hardly have been done on Sabbath morning but presumably on Friday afternoon in conjunction with the beginning of the Sabbath. This conclusion is required by two facts. First, it is hard to believe that the priests would bake bread on Sabbath morning, since, as Josephus points out, all the baking was done “the day before the Sabbath”. Second, David and his men could hardly have travelled on a Sabbath day all the way to Nob where Ahimelech lived.” (Ibid p. 82/83) (Emphasis CGE)


The inevitable inference of the Bread being changed hot, on the Sabbath during evening after sunset, is that the mixing of the dough as well as the baking of the bread, were done on the Sixth Day, just before its sunset-end.


Bacchiocchi, still insisting, assumes:The shift in time from Friday afternoon to Sabbath morning may reflect the adoption

of a sunrise reckoning in Temple services. (Emphasis CGE)   Bacchiocchi will not accept Josephus could be wrong! That is to say, if, the quoted translation with “on the morning of the Sabbath” is correct. Does Josephus say that, or perhaps something like ‘éhlthen hehméra’, meaning ‘began day’ – with evening? Even were the translation of Josephus correct, it would leave us nowhere as far as the reckoning of the day in the Bible is concerned. The day in Bible times was reckoned, from a Jewish and Scriptural standpoint, from sunset to sunset. If a deviation from this use could have incurred, an even easier corruption could also have crept in ahead of any competing error, and the bread instead of hot could on the Sabbaths’ mornings have been placed cold –and old– on the altar – which practice greatly would have deprived the Sabbath’s Shewbread of its significance of vigorous, eternal, unquenchable, New, Life ... “Hot”!


Further, a sunrise reckoning of the day would imply the improbable, unnatural and inhospitable situation for the preparing for and making of the fire and the dough, and of the baking of the bread in night’s darkness. (“Night when nobody works” – especially not priests.) A situation without precedent would have doomed, considering the time all other offerings and sacrifices were prepared and made. The priests were Commanded to do their work “between the nights”, that is, in daylight.


Observes Bacchiocchi, very aptly, that Josephus himself in any case “offers (‘with remarkable clarity’) an explicit evidence of the prevailing sunset reckoning in New Testament times. He describes how one of the priests “gave a signal beforehand with a trumpet, at the beginning of every seventh day, in the evening twilight, as also at the evening when the day was finished, as giving notice to the people when they were to leave off work, and when they were to go to work again.Ibid p.71b




And All its Vessels


2Chr4:19, “Solomon made … the tables and upon them (were to be placed) the loaves of shewbread.  More than one table; ‘tables’ – not ‘altars’!


1Sam.21:3, “What is under your hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or, as many as you can give me of what you have!” told David the priest of Nob, Ahimelech.


Ahimelech was busy to change the Shewbread – those of the last Sabbath with those of the Sabbath just begun. He needed to bring the loaves from the furnace outside to the altar inside the temple. For that, the priest needed two tables. The new Shewbread loaves were taken from the furnace and placed on one table and upon it, were carried into the Holy to the altar. Another table served to remove the old loaves with. The new loaves were all brought in together on the first table. Then, one loaf of the old loaves was taken from the altar in order to create space for one new loaf, and was put down onto a second table, the ‘out’-table, so as not to contaminate the new loaves on the ‘in’-table. A hot loaf was then taken from this ‘in’-table, and put – ‘arranged’ – in the place of an old one on the altar. As long as the loaves remained on the altar, they were ‘holy’, because the altar ‘sanctified’ them.  The old loaves could not all be at once removed from the altar, nor all the new loaves ‘placed’ on a ‘clear’ altar together. The continual ‘presence’ and ‘showing’ of the Shewbread should not be broken.


Just as Ahimelech was putting down onto the ‘out’-table a next loaf of the remaining Shewbread, David entered, straight into the lions’ den where Saul detained the Edomite with hidden sword. But David noticed the old loaves under Ahimelech’s hand on the ‘out’-table. David asks for five loaves or as many as Ahimelech could give him. David couldn’t immediately see how many had already been removed from the altar for a new. There were seven loaves, one for every day of the week. Offerings were often doubled for the Sabbaths; so there could have been an eighth loaf of Shewbread. I think eight the likely number, because with eight loaves on the altar, when changed, they would never be less than seven loaves left on the altar.


Mark well the entering in of the house.” (Ez44:5)


With most loaves already changed, David entered and asked for about five. He didn’t ask any loaves that might still have been on the altar! David did not demand all of the priests’ food, but was considerate and meek in his request. He respected the sanctity of the Shewbread that had not yet been removed from the altar, because it is the altar that sanctifies the bread – as Christ is our Altar of Mercy in the Sanctuary of Heaven that sanctifies us as well as our burdens, which we have placed on Him. “Come to Me, all you heavy laden … and I will give you rest!”


The priest protested, “There is no common bread under my hand, only holy bread – you could have had them if your men were holy (separated from their wives) for at least three days.” Defends David, “They have; the young men are holy. In any case that bread in a way no longer is holy as if sanctified today!”


Ahimelech has everything the wrong way round. He thinks the breads are holy in themselves, on or off the Altar. He thinks a person must sanctify himself; holiness is the work of one’s own, not a gift of grace; it doesn’t derive from the altar; the altar’s holiness derives from the bread’s holiness, the holiness of which in the end is derived from the holiness of the priest who prepares it. But David the shepherd-boy knows better, because the Lord Himself was David’s Rabbi. Remember what we read at the beginning of this lecture? “David gave all to Solomon in the Lord’s handwriting according to the knowledge given him of the work of the pattern.” David designed the Tabernacle – he drew its plans and specifications, and patented it;  also the duties of the priests, David commanded! But this priest wants to

teach David, about the holy things!   


Now pay attention to this priest’s moralising! How good he was at it! But he considers not the soldier’s deadly dangerous and self-sacrificing work, in his cosy little sanctuary.   O Pharisees, you hypocrites! Generation of vipers! Woe unto you!


But how was the Shewbread no longer ‘all that holy’ and ‘not as if sanctified today’? Its ‘show-time’ has run out! It was evening-start of day and Sabbath now, and time for the old Shewbread to be replaced with new Shewbread.


The Sword of Saul


There was that day a certain man of the servants of Saul, He was Doeg, an Edomite, the top herdman of Saul, stationed in the LORD’s sight (in the LORD’s Sanctuary)!  David said to Ahimelech, You have a spear or sword? Right at hand I mean! I didn’t bring sword or weapons with me. Quick! Haste, it’s royal duty!   Ahimelech answered, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, behind the draped apron – wrapped in a cloth. Take it if you want; there’s no other. None like this indeed!, said David. Then David left.


There is no sword like that!” It was the sword of Goliath whom David slew with a pebble, then decapitated him with – the sword with which he, David, defied the armies of the Philistines who defied the armies of the LORD. But Saul unlawfully took this sword from David for himself, and unlawfully brought his stolen trophy of vainglory into the Holy of the Tabernacle of God where the Shewbread showed forth the glory of God! It also was unlawful for an unclean sword – or ‘cleansed’ for that matter – to be brought into the Lord’s House. Saul with collaboration of the priests, unlawfully, hid, the sword while in the Tabernacle in this place, were supposed to be openly exhibited “before the LORD” every object of furniture and use.  Saul topped his arrogance with the unlawful appointment of a heathen in the Sanctuary of God, to guard his abomination there! (Ez43:7b-8)


The Sword of David


David coming into the Holy, although strange and against the stipulations of all ‘Law’ to the priests, hindered David, not the least. To David the sword’s presence in the Holy of the Tabernacle, was obnoxious, but nothing wrong with for the priests.


On this Sabbath Day, the true conqueror would act appointed priest of God, and cleanse the Sanctuary of both the Edomite and the idol. He will receive ‘this day’, his own and valiantly won spoil, back, and lawfully, will carry the pollution out of the House of God!  And David arose and went out.”  For the King’s business requires haste and valour!” – God’s warrior and lion of Judah!  Look at Jesus, how He, cleansed the temple! 


Like Christ our Lord, David “sprang out of Juda – of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood”. But Judah’s was the line of kings. King David, stood in the temple in the service of the Lord and of his House, undaunted, priest of the Most High God! David’s presence in fact sanctified the Holy of the temple, yea, honoured it.


Ezekiel 44 records of the east-gate of the sanctuary: “Because the LORD, the Mighty, God of Israel, hath entered in by it … this gate shall be shut; it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter into it … It is for the prince; the prince, he, shall sit in it to eat bread: Bread-Before-the-LORD.  David the prince, type and figure of Jesus Christ, King, Lord, and, Priest!The place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever.  My Holy Name shall the house of Israel no more defile… Behold, the Glory of the LORD filled the House.” Ez43:7,5 Priest, in rising from the dead, “in the Sabbath”, Jesus

entered in” through the east gate, ‘Shewbread’, into heavenly Sanctuary of Own Holiness and Resurrection-Glory. Entered He in, the Prince, even the King, Son of David and Son of Man, and on the Day of God’s Rest, on appointment, ate of the Shewbread of God’s immediate Presence.


Lord of the Sabbath


By what is the Son of Man, ‘Lord’? By what is the Son of Man, Victor and Triumphator? By resurrection from the dead; by victory and triumph over death and grave! By which victory and triumph over death and grave then, the Son of Man, is Lord.


By what “is the Son of Man Lord of, the Sabbath Day”? by the Triumph of Victory of His, of, the Sabbath Day!  By what then is the Sabbath Day the day, the Son of Man, is Lord of? by what Triumph of Victory of the Son of Man its was, even resurrection from the dead! By resurrection from the dead therefore, “the Son of Man, is Lord, Lord, even of the Sabbath” and the Sabbath, “the Lord’s Day”.


The lord if not in the day of battle is lord, cannot be, ‘lord’.  Jesus the Son of Man, Conqueror of death in battle, “Therefore, is Lord, Lord indeed, of the Sabbath!” The Hero of the Day, is Christ; and his Triumph is that He took up again His Life; He had the Power in battle to! Therefore became He, ‘Lord’. The greatness of the day, is that “this day” and “on” it – the Sabbath Day –, Christ rose from the dead:Lord’! Otherwise Jesus could not have claimed that He is ‘Lord’, or, that He of the Sabbath, is ‘Lord’!  The Name, ‘Lord’, is Victor; The LORD is His Name: Christ Jesus, Hero, Deliverer, Victor of the Day – Triumphator.





Fourty and Two Days


A giant: “I defy the armies of Israel this day! Give me a man! That we may fight! …

A herdsman: “Then David said to the Philistine … This day will the LORD deliver you into my hand … I come to you in the Name of the LORD …


1Sm17:2, “Israel pitched by the valley of Elah” – day one and first day of the battle: “They set the battle in array”, also means they planned the days of battle – carefully! “The Philistine drew near, morning and evening and presented himself, forty days … all men (of Israel), fighting in the valley with the Philistines. The next day (now 41 days), early, David rose up … and went.” All the hustle and bustle of that day follows up to verse 31 and further to 37, “… they rehearsed the words of David before Saul … And Saul said to David, Go! and the LORD be with thee!”   The ‘morning’, and Goliath ‘presented himself’ once again, 42 days, “And the Philistine came and drew near …”!


From the first day when they ‘pitched’, it is six times the week, on the Seventh Day of the week, and Sabbath, exactly 42 days. So was it the Sabbath Day, when David slew Goliath.  This day … in the Name of the LORD” – Lord of the hosts of Israel – through victory ‘kindled’ the light of Israel, and sang, “The LORD will lighten my darkness!” (2Sm22:29)   



Day of Shewbread


In a service of the Sabbath Day, came David into the Holy, and stood, king-priest.  Now mark well, David forced not his way in! “Thus saith the LORD God, The gate of the inner court that looketh to the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened … and the prince

shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate … as he did on the Sabbath Day”, Ez46:1-2,12.  For the prince, the prince, he shall sit in it to eat: Bread-Before-the-LORD.” That was bread ‘shown’ – ‘Shewbread’! The king, like the priests, ate of the Shewbread!  Jesus said the priests ‘profaned’ the Sabbath with their work on it; He did not say David profaned, Sabbath or tabernacle, by eating of the Shewbread.  The priests with their works polluted the temple, but David ‘cleansed the House of the LORD’, for David was a type of Christ. “Is there not a cause? 




When David “waxed faint” and “got tired” at his near defeat as an older man against Ishbebénob of “the sons of the giant” Goliath (See 2Sm21:17), “The men of David sware unto him, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel”.  Yea, Sabbath was it indeed on this earlier occasion, and day of renewal of Shewbread and of ‘lighting the light of Israel’.  This day, for warm, life-giving energy received and regained, is day of ‘reviving’!  


Look at Ex23:12 and 31:17, both ‘Sabbath’-Scriptures, with ‘naphash’ < ‘nephesh’, life, spirit, vigour, strength, for servant, master, and, LORD. LXX translates with ‘anapsyxoh’, ‘refresh / revive / charge’ – from ‘psyxeh’, soul, life, heart. Compare 2Sm16:14 (king, people came, refreshed); Ex23:12 (stranger refreshed); 8:15, 1Sm16:23 (relieved), Ps66:12 (place of refreshment), 39:13 (spare, recover), Jr30:9 (I will raise up their king; cf.v.22), Jdg15:19 (water from jaw, spirit came back, revived), Hos12:8 (refreshment)


Look at Ruth the third chapter, 4,7,8,14, and Is28:12, “revive” from ‘margea’ / ‘margeloth’ – ‘foot’:- To recuperate (in one’s sleep) one’s vigour; like also in the Old Testament custom of feet-washing.


Day of Song


These are the things God’s ‘katapausis’-rest and ‘anapausis’-rest of the Sabbath Day, and the Shewbread, had in common: “Reviving” – Sabbath’s revival, Ex31:17. “The Sabbath is sign between me and the children of Israel for ever; Why? Because THE LORD, in six days!!, made heaven and earth; Because, God on the Seventh Day (victoriously triumphant, by the exceeding greatness of his power), rested, and revived refreshed!”  That’s why the Sabbath Day, “this day” in the history of Israel in the lordly triumph of David over the Philistines, in truth was “a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever”, “a sign that”, says the prophet, “I am your Mighty, God; and you (little worm Jacob), are my People!” (See Ez20:12,20, Zch8:8, et al.) Isn’t this Grace? How comely thou art! Isn’t this the God of the Covenant in his faithfulness? How great Thou art!  Is not this a Promise that has to do with God’s Law, and, with His Sabbaths, and, with God’s Covenant of Grace?


And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies and out of the hand of Saul: The LORD is my Rock and my Fortress, my Deliverer, the God of my Rock; in Him will I trust: He is my Shield, and the Horn of my Salvation, my High Tower and my Refuge – my Saviour!   Thou savest me from violence. (Thou givest me rest.)  I will call on the LORD who (through victory) is worthy, to be praised, LORD!” 2Sm22


Further on, one can read of David’s Jonah’s-anxieties as of Christ’s in his sufferings of death; and from verse 7 to 21, one can read as of the Resurrection of the Anointed of the LORD (51); as of the recompense of the Righteous One of God. The rest of the Song is just the Song of the Lamb, the Song also of Moses, sung by this king-priest David, of his Saviour Jesus Christ.  “Lord”, is Jesus’ Name of praise, Title won by Victory over sin and death.



Although fugitive and outlaw, this Sabbath Day with enemy’s wrested sword and temple’s holy bread, David and band shall sing, and celebrate and feast! They “feast” Shewbread of Sabbaths’-Service, Christians, “eating and drinking” of The Shewbread of God, Jesus Christ. “And let not you condemn you anyone!” Col2:12-19!


The Shewbread, “showing forth”, ‘shon forth’ the triumph of the Lord-Victor, Christ. The Shewbread is Sabbath’s offering of ‘shining forth’ – figuratively and spiritually –, Jesus’ Triumph in resurrection, even “resurrection from the dead”; “from”, shame and corruption, into, Glory and Incorruption. “So also is the resurrection of the Dead – sown in corruption, Raised in Incorruption; sown in dishonour, Raised in Glory; sown in weakness, Raised in Power.” “Death is swallowed up in Victory.” The Victory is Christ’s; the Victory is Christ’s of the Sabbath Day.







At that time

On the Sabbath

Pluck ears of corn

David, shewbread


Not lawful to eat

Made for man

Son of man

Lord of Sabbath






At that time

On the Sabbath

Plucked ears of corn

David, shewbread

On the Sabbath days

Not lawful for (them)

Greater than temple

Son of man

Lord of Sabbath







On the Sabbath

second after first

Through corn fields

David, shewbread


Not lawful for (them)


Son of man

Lord of Sabbath



- – - – - – -



Jesus Christ is Lord, in fact “Lord of the Sabbath”, and the illustration of David and the Shewbread-incident, of how “the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath Day”, confirms the very ‘Lawful’ nexus the Word of God creates and makes fast between Sabbath and Mercy; between Shewbread and Bread of Life – as on this Sabbath, like David, first hand experienced by Jesus and his disciples.


David on the Sabbath did nothing ‘unlawful’ – things not stipulated in the Law. But he ‘kept’ the Sabbath the unconventional way; he made the Sabbath a special day – a Feast! David without even knowing, was doing the Great

Work of the Law, to love so as to give one’s own life for the life of one’s friends. Jesus said, no greater love has any! Where is there greater sinner than David? Where is there a man God loved dearer?  Only the Son, whom the Father delights in above any. God’s Sabbath Day – God’s Day of Rest – for David ‘came’ so naturally, so without questioning, so without doubt, so without anxiety, he planned it, lived it, breathed it, sang it, ate it, so without fear as to walk with his God, as to storm an enemy or scale a wall. David knew no fear, for God first loved him. David was a Sabbath-keeper after God’s heart.


Fifty and two times a year and more the LORD God of His People with the Shewbread every Sabbath Day showed them that when His Christ had come He would raise Him from the dead on the Sabbath Day.


























































Gerhard Ebersöhn

Suite 324

Pvt Bag 43

Sunninghill 2157